Lineup

S4: the list

This table lists the S4 set and shows the equivalent IPA symbols
S4ExampleExample validityNameName
(UK accent)
IPANotes
First the vowels and diphthongs,
which are stand-alone sounds.
aapUS & UKshort-aʃoot-eiʌAs in cut.
I would say that "a" is to "aa" what "ʌ" is to "ɑː",
I can't see why "ʌ" was ever used in the first place. Anyway this sound is near as dammit to a sound in French that is represented by "a", and it looks good to me.
aapaa‛mUS & UKlong-aloŋ-eiɑː
ebedUS & UKshort-eʃoot-iie
eebee·əUKlong-eloŋ-iiOnly seems to occur, by default, in the IPA diphthong /eə/.
Can be heard in "Mary" for instance.
iʃipUKshort-iʃoot-iiɪ"As in 'see', but plain i if weak as in 'happy'." is what it says on the UCL list I was given to use, but as far as I can see, I never say "happi" but always "happee", I can't see the point of this at all.
iiʃiipUS & UKlong-iloŋ-ii
oori‛ndʒUS & UKshort-oʃoot-ouɒ
oodooUKlong-oloŋ-ooɔː
ubukUSshort-uʃoot yuuʊ
uuʃuuUS & UKlong-uloŋ yuu
əsoudəUS & UKshort schwaʃoo‛ ʃwaaə
əəbəədUKlong schwaloŋ ʃwaaɜː
ææp‛lUS & UKashæʃæ
eisbeidUS & UKdiphthong-eiii ai
ouboutUS & UKdiphthong-ouou yuuouThis symbol is taken from the official UCL 2003 list, nevertheless the sound is often written /əʊ/, which is maybe an attempt to render the "upperclass English O". I would say that in British English, there is the lower-class "a·uu" the middle-class "ou" and the upper-class "ə·uu".
aiaiUS & UKdiphthong-aiei aiai
aukaudiphthong-auei yuuau
oiboidiphthong-oiou aioi
Next the consonants,
which go with vowels,
before and/or after.
lliifUS & UKclear-Lklii·ər- e‛ll
‛lbad‛lUSdark-Ldaak-e‛ll
əl
Clearly, the L-sound is not pronounced the same way when it comes before the vowel in a syllable and when it come after it.
In IPA transcriptions, there is sometimes an attempt to render this by putting a schwa before a trailing L, and some times the syllabic L /l̩/character is used (but rarely).
mmaŋkiiUS & UKclear-mklii·ər-e‛mm
‛mblas‛mUSdark-mdaak-e‛mm
əm
See above
nnouzUS & UKclear-nklii·ər-e‛nn
‛nwum‛nUS & UKdark-mdaak-e‛nn
ən
See above
rrei‛nUS & UKclear-rklii·ər-aar
‛rhee‛rUSdark-rdaak-aar
ər

ɚ
See above.
ppe‛nUS & UKppiip
bbiiUS & UKbbiib
ttriiUS & UKttiit
ddræg‛nUS & UKddiid
kkætUS & UKkkeik
ggoutUS & UKgdʒiig
ʃfiʃUS & UKeshʃ
ʒte‛ləviʒ‛nUS & UKezhʒ
tʃeriizUS & UKt-eshtii eʃ
dʒiipUS & UKd-ezhdii eʒ
þtuuþUS & UKthornþoo‛nþ
ðfeðəUS & UKethð
ffre‛nzUS & UKfeff
vvaazUS & UKvviiv
ssa‛nUS & UKsess
zzuuUS & UKzzedz
yye‛louUS & UKywaijAs in 'you'. Here, a “y” is what you would expect. Changed from “j” to “y” in 2011, as suggested earlier by Jack Windsor Lewis.
wwai‛nUS & UKwdab‛lyuuw
hhee‛ndUSheitʃh
ŋfiŋgəUKengŋ

 

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